Image Recognition in Go using Tensorflow
This is a text version of this video: packagemain #4: Image Recognition in Go using Tensorflow.
Tensorflow is a computation library that represents computations with graphs. Its core is implemented in C++ and there are also bindings for different languages, including Go.
In the last few years the field of machine learning has made tremendous progress on addressing the difficult problem of image recognition.
One of the challenges with machine learning is figuring out how to deploy trained models into production environments. After training your model, you can “freeze” it and export it to be used in a production environment.
For some common-use-cases we’re beginning to see organizations sharing their trained models, you can find some in the TensorFlow Models repo.
In this article we’ll use one of them, called Inception to recognize an image.
We’ll build a small command line application that takes URL to an image as input and outputs labels in order.
First of all we need to install TensorFlow, and here Docker can be really helpful, because installation of Tensorflow may be complicated. There is a Docker image with Tensorflow, but without Go, so I found an image with Tensorflow plus Go to reduce the Dockerfile.
Let’s start with simple main.go which will parse command line arguments and download image from URL:
And now we can build and run our program:
Now we need to load our model. Model contains graph and labels in 2 files:
Now finally we can start using tensorflow Go package. To be able to work with our image we need to normalize it, because Inception model expects it to be in a certain format, it uses images from ImageNet, and they are 224x224. But that’s a bit tricky. Let’s see:
All operations in TensorFlow Go are done with sessions, so we need to initialize, run and close them. In makeTransformImageGraph we define the rules of normalization.
We need to init one more session on our initial model graph to find matches:
It will return list of probabilities for each label. What we need now is to loop over all probabilities and find label in
labels slice. And print top 5.
That’s it, we’re able to test our image and find what program will say:
Here we used pre-trained model but it’s also possible to train our models from Go in TensorFlow, and I will definitely do a video about it.